...the Church will not because she cannot, change the reality of marriage and cannot cease teaching this reality.
Speculation in today's press includes a muddled piece of writing by columnist Christina Odone, who continues to say that the Church refuses Holy Communion to people who are divorced. This is not the case. A couple may go through a civil divorce because one spouse insists on it (and under current unjust British laws it is effectively impossible for the other spouse to prevent it happening) or because it is the only legal way to sort out an impossible situation. But this does not - because it cannot - free either party to marry again. Marriage is the lifelong union of a man and a woman. Separating might be necessary. But it means that the marriage still exists. Neither party is free to attempt a new union.
Only by attempting to break the bond of marriage by starting a new union does this issue of Holy Communion arise. We all know that if we are involved in a sexual relationship outside of marriage this is contrary to God's plan...this isn't an arbitrary rule of the Church, but belongs to the very essence of things. It is not something that the Pope or a Synod can change.
Of course there are complex issues in specific situations. Today, people "marry" without meaning to commit to a lifelong union that is open to children. Or a Catholic may go through a civil marriage with some one who is already divorced - and then later seek a divorce and be unclear as to his/her situation when seeking a further partner. And there are young people, brought up in a divided series of households with parents who marry and remarry, or have various partners: in such a situation understanding the reality of marriage may be difficult.
The Church can make a declaration of nullity - that a marriage never existed - for example in the first case listed in the previous paragraph. This is not divorce. It is a recognition, after lengthy investigation, that what appeared to be a marriage was in fact not. It is right that access to information on this should be available and that people should know what to do if they think their marriage is null. Nor should they be restricted from having access to help in sorting things out.
But it really isn't up to the Daily Telegraph, or anyone else, to pretend that marriage is about "rules" that can be changed, like the rules of a cricket club, or even like rules concerning the Church's calendar or disciplines on fasting...
In 1968 there was a widespread belief that the Church would "change the rules" about contraception. The Church couldn't and didn't. And now Pope Paul VI, who held firm and spoke with courage affirming the truth in Humanae Vitae, is to be beatified. The Pope is custodian of the truth: it's not his to change, it belongs to the Church and his task is to present this truth with love and understanding and pastoral wisdom, to teach the truth and help all to live it. Paul VI showed the way.